Born: 13th century, Anatolia
Died: November 1326, Söğüt, Anatolia
Husband: Osman I
Father: Ömer Bey, Sheikh Edebali, Ömer Abdülaziz Bey
Malhun Hatun History
Malhun Hatun has historically been the wife of Osman Ghazi and the mother of another Ottoman Sultan and Orhan Ghazi. It has been recognized by many historians that she was the daughter of the Anatolian Turkish Bey, Omer Bey, although there had been many speculations that she was the daughter of Sheikh Edebali Other sources say that she was the daughter of Ömer Abdülaziz Bey, Seljuk Vizier of Anatolia.
These historical differences arose because some Ottoman historians, including the Kamal Pashazad and the Ashq Pashazad, have named Sheikh Adbali’s daughter Malhun Bala Khatun in their books. Because Sheikh Adbali was an influential and famous personality of that time the marriage of Osman Ghazi and his daughter.
Malhun Khatun was very famous which is why historians have linked the Malhun hatun with Rabia Bala hatun, who was Usman Ghazi’s first wife Historians estimate that the Malhun was married to Usman Ghazi during the reign of Ertugral Ghazi.
This estimate is due to some historical documents and the birth of the 2nd Ottoman sultan Orhan Ghazi in 1281. While Osman Ghazi was married to Sheikh Adabali’s daughter Bala Khatun in 1289AD this is proved by the land documents that the land which Osman Ghazi gave to the Bala hatun as a gift after marriage.
In Oruc history, the Ottoman historian Oruc bin Adil has listed the name of Sheikh Adbali’s daughter as Balaa Khatun. Although Bala hatun is depicted as Usman Ghazi’s first wife in kurulus Osman historically Malhun Khatun was Usman Ghazi’s first wife and they get married in 1280 AD Malhun Hatun was the daughter of Ömer Bey Ömer Bey was the eponymous ruler of an “Amouri” (Umer) Principality Which was one of the dozens of small states in Anatolia Which came into being after the destruction of the Seljuk Empire.
This state was located the northeast of the emerging Ottoman State The Amouri are described by the Byzantine historian George Pachymeres, who says that a son of Umar fought with Osman in one of his first raids against local Byzantine lords (the victory of Baphaion) Although Mal Hatun has a central role in the legendary Osman’s Dream, depicting Osman’s great love for her & the long struggle he had to undergo before being able to gain her hand.
The account is, however, considered to have been composed centuries later, reflecting later generations’ perception of her rather than the historical reality Malhun Hatun’s marriage to Osman gazi was a political necessity to form an alliance against a common enemy. And as byzantine historian George Pachymeres speaks of war with Usman Ghazi of the Umri tribe, which shows that Malhun Hatun belonged to a warring tribe.