Jahangir| Biography, Reign, Achievements, and Death

Jahangir Summary

Jahangir’s full name was Mirza Nur-ud-din Beig Mohammad Khan Salim. He was the 4th Mughal Emperor & 7th son of Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar. He ruled as a 4th Mughal emperor (1605 to 1627). Jahangir had Conquered the Biggest part of India. Jahangir always knows as the Great Mughal Emperor.

Jahangir Facts

Jahangir
Nur-ud-din Mohammad Khan Salim, 4th Mughal Emperor
Born30 August 1569, Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh
Death28 October 1627, Rajouri, Kashmir
WifeNur Jahan > Koka Kumari Begum > Saliha Banu Begum > Khas Mahal > Kanwal Rani Begum > Zohra Begum > Sahib Jamal > Malika Shikar Begum > Jagat Gosain > Shah Begum
ParentsAkbar > Mariam-uz-Zamani

Jahangir Early Life

He was the son of the third Sultan of the Mughal Sultanate, i.e., Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar. He was born in 1569 in Fatehpur Sikri. Because Akbar had more faith than Sheikh Salim Chishti, Akbar also named his son Noor Uddin Mohammad Salim Jahangir Jalaluddin was born from the stomach of the same Rajput wife of Akbar, who is known in history as Jodha Bai.

Akbar had brought up him very well, Jahangir used to be a good poet and mastered many subjects, but his biggest weakness was alcohol. Because Salim was very fond of alcohol, it is said that Akbar had announced before his courtiers that after my death, the next Sultan of my sultanate would be Salim. That is why, in 1605, as soon as Akbar died. Soon after that, in 1605, Salim sat on the throne of the Mughal Sultanate; as soon as Salim took over the power of the Mughal Sultanate, he kept his name Jahangir, and by this name, he became famous forever in history.

Jahangir ruled India for 22 years, and it is said that these 22 years had passed with great happiness and peace for the people living in India, but the surprising thing is that during these 22 years, Jahangir ruled in the first few years. Of. Otherwise, for the rest of the remaining years, Jahangir was the emperor for the name of the entire Sultanate. She used to handle the entire Sultanate, whose name was Nur Jahan.

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Jahangir Marriage

Before marrying Nur Jahan Salim, there was a widow whom Jahangir had married in 1611. It is said that Jahangir had fallen in love with Nur Jahan to an extent, due to which Jahangir was always ready to accept every decision of Nur Jahan but Friends, now the question is that why did the greatest Sultan of India, i.e., he marry a widowed woman and after all what was so special about Nur Jahan that Jahangir used to love her more than the limit, all the historians about the marriage of Jahangir and Nur Jahan.

Tells different types of stories; some historians believe that at the time when Mughal Sultanate Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar was sitting, at that time Noor Jahan used to stay in Akbar’s palace with his entire family, but suddenly 13-year-old Noor Jahan faced happened to Akbar’s son Salim and on seeing him fell in love with Nur Jahan.

But when Akbar learned that my son had fallen in love with Noor Jahan, Akbar started to fear that it was not that Nur Jahan was in the mood to revolt against my sultanate with the help of his daughter. Because he may have wanted to capture the Mughal Sultanate by marrying Nur Jahan to Jahangir. Therefore, Akbar, by insisting on Nur Jahan’s father, married Nur Jahan to one of his Iranian commanders, whose name was Sheridan. With his wife, Noor Jahan started living there comfortably.

A daughter was also born to Sherfagan and Nur Jahan, named Ladli Begum; even though Noor Jahan was living a peaceful life in Bengal, but on the other hand, Jahangir had not yet forgotten Nur Jahan. For this reason, precisely 11 years after the marriage of Nur Jahan, when Jahangir became the next Sultan of the Mughal Sultanate after the death of Akbar, he first intended to regain his love. Qutubuddin had sent him to Bengal.

He took out a sword in anger and killed Qutubuddin. Still, in retaliation, Sherafagan was also killed by Qutubuddin’s soldiers, and after that, Nur Jahan was taken prisoner and brought to the royal palace of Agra. It is said that Nur Jahan, After becoming a prisoner, did not show consent to marry him for a year or two. Still, gradually when her sorrow kept decreasing, she agreed to marry Jahangir, and after that, gradually, she became Jahangir. She had become the most beloved wife.

But friends, some historians tell this story wrong. They say that the truth is quite the opposite. Jahangir and Noor Jahan never met before marriage, but the story of Jahangir and Nur Jahan’s marriage is about one of his sons. Khusro revolted against him, but Jahangir successfully stopped his son.

After crushing the rebellion, he started killing all those with his son Khusro; in the rebellion, so his son Khusro Among the people who supported Nur Jahan was also a brother, and his brother and father were also arrested. Nur Jahan was also taken prisoner and brought to the royal palace of Agra when Jahangir met his prisoners.

The eyes suddenly fell on Noor Jahan, and at first sight, Noor Jahangir liked him so much that he fell in love with her, and later she married him, even though neither of these two stories of Jahangir and Noor Jahan’s marriage. The story may also be accurate, but both prove that Noor Jahan is beyond the limits of Jahangir. She was a lovely wife. Jahangir used to prepare to do anything for his wife, Nur Jahan, and this was the reason that after marrying Nur Jahan,

He had handed over the entire system of the Sultanate to Nur Jahan, but Jahangir himself used to say that I had my entire Sultanate as my own. Beloved wife has been handed over to Noor Jahan. He was very fond of hunting. He used to hunt elephants and lions while going hunting; he used to take his wife, Nur Jahan, along with him.

Once upon a time, he was hunting lions by sitting on an elephant wherever his wife Noor was riding on that elephant. But suddenly, a tiger jumped up and attacked Jahangir riding on an elephant. Still, before the lion could capture him, Nur Jahan, sitting nearby, attacked the lion with a gun. As soon as the bullet was fired, the lion died there, so his life was saved from him for saving his life. He thanked Nur Jahan very much for how much he had controlled the Nur Jahan Sultanate, and it can be gauged from the fact that Nur Jahan himself had given his name. Coins were issued in the entire sultanate, although in any sultanate, the coins are in the name of the one who is the sultan of the Sultanate.

Nour Jahan’s signature used to be in the place of the signature of the Sultan of the Mughal Sultanate on persuading whatever order was issued by the Mughal Sultanate, no small or big step could be taken in the Mughal Sultanate without the permission of Nur Jahan.

His wife, Nur Jahan, was smart and very brave, and the evidence of her bravery is found in reading this story of his last days. It is said that in the last days of Jahangir, one of his generals named Mehbat Khan. He had rebelled against him. Along with revolting, Mehbat Khan had taken his captive, but his beloved Nur Jahan not only defeated Mehbat Khan on the strength of his bravery. Instead, he had saved Jahangir alive, but only a few days after this accident, Jahangir died.

Jahangir’s Reign 

Jahangir was the fourth Mughal emperor of India, who ruled from 1605 to 1627. He succeeded his father, Akbar the Great, and continued his policies of religious tolerance, administrative efficiency, and expansion of the Mughal Empire.

During his reign, the Mughal Empire peaked in power and prosperity. He consolidated the gains made by his father and expanded the empire’s territories in the Deccan and Central Asia. He also maintained good relations with the British East India Company and other European powers, which helped to increase trade and commerce in India.

He was known for patronizing the arts and his love for gardens and architecture. He encouraged the development of painting, music, and literature, and his court became a center of cultural and artistic activity. He also built many beautiful gardens and monuments, such as the Shalimar Bagh in Kashmir and the Jahangir Mahal in Agra.

However, his reign was not without its challenges. He faced several rebellions and uprisings, particularly in the Deccan, and also had to deal with threats from rival powers such as the Safavids and the Portuguese. In addition, his relationship with his son, Prince Khurram (who later became Emperor Shah Jahan), was often strained, leading to conflicts and intrigues at court.

His reign was a period of stability, prosperity, and cultural flowering for the Mughal Empire. His legacy continues to be celebrated in India and other parts of the world.

Death of Jahangir

Death of Jahangir

Jahangir died on October 28, 1627, in Rajauri, in present-day Jammu and Kashmir, India. He was 58 years old at the time of his death. He had been suffering from various health issues, including asthma, and his health had declined for some time before his death. According to his memoirs, Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri, fell seriously ill in the autumn of 1627 while on a journey to Kashmir. Despite efforts to improve his health, his condition worsened, and he eventually died from a sudden attack of dysentery.

After his death, Jahangir’s body was taken to Lahore, where he was buried in the royal mausoleum, Shahdara Bagh. Today, the tomb of Jahangir is a popular tourist attraction and is considered one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture.

Jahangir Tomb

Jahangir’s love was built by Nur Jahan in 1697 AD, a luxurious tomb of Jahangir in Lahore, this tomb of Jahangir is considered one of the top buildings of the Mughals. It is located at Shahdara Bagh in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, on the banks of the Ravi River.

What was Jahangir known for?

Jahangir was known for his love for art, culture, and nature. He was a great patron of the arts and accomplished art.

What was the name of Jahangir’s autobiography?

Jahangir’s autobiography was “Tuzukh-i-Jahangiri” or “Memoirs of Jahangir.”

What was the capital of India during Jahangir’s reign?

Agra

Who was Jahangir’s wife?

His wife was Nur Jahan, a powerful and influential queen who played a significant role in the administration of the Mughal Empire.

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