Sultan Salahuddin Ayyubi

Salahuddin Ayyubi- History, Crusades & Facts

Sultan Salahuddin Ayyubi
Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb

Full name : Salāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb

Born: 1137 AD Iraq, Tikrit, Upper Mesopotamia, Abbasid Caliphate

Died: 4 March 1193 AD (age 55-56) Damascus, Ayyubi Sultanate of Syria

Empire: Ayyubi Sultanate (Founder)

Parents: Sit Khatoon, Najm al-Dan Ayyub

Tomb: Damascus, Umayyad Mosque

Wife: Ismat ad-din Khatoon

Investiture: Cairo, 1174

Children: Al-Afdl ibn Salah ad-Din, Az-Zahir Ghazi, Al-Aziz Usman

Who was Salahuddin Ayyubi?

Salahuddin Ayyubi is a brilliant hero in Islamic history who is respected by Muslims and Christians alike for his justice and kindness. This is about 1137 AD. In the Iraqi city of Tikrit, in the house of Amir Najmuddin Ayyub of a Zengid dynasty, a boy was born, who was named Yusuf, and today the whole world knows the name of Sultan Salahuddin Ayyubi.

Salahuddin Ayyubi’s full name was Salāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb. Salahuddin Ayyubi was raised by his uncle Shirkuh, who according to history was a commander in the Zengid dynasty, He used to accompany Salahuddin Ayubi in training in combat techniques and in combat activities. And used to give them war information.

Rise of the Ayyubi Empire

Rise of the Ayyubi Empire

 

Salahuddin Ayyubi rose rapidly through the ranks of the Jangi Sultanate due to his intelligence and aggression. After the invasion of Egypt in 1169, he was appointed governor of Egypt. After the death of Nuruddin Jangi, his successors could not take over the empire.

In 1171 AD Salahuddin Ayyubi laid the foundation of the Ayyubi kingdom. And by 1182 AD, he had conquered Syria, Egypt, and Aleppo and incorporated them into his kingdom. Saladin’s greatest ambition was to take Jerusalem. During the reign of Hazrat Umar Farooq, the first Muslim Qibla, Jerusalem was conquered. Due to the internal turmoil of the Muslims after the First Crusade, Jerusalem was conquered by the Crusaders.

In 1177 AD, Salah-ud-din Ayubi launched his first invasion of Jerusalem. And he failed to succeed. Salahuddin Ayyubi made his second attack two years later in 1179 AD, in which the king of Jerusalem was defeated but managed to escape. The King of Jerusalem and Salahuddin signed a peace contract in 1180 AD. But the agreement did not last long. Kirk Fort Governor Raynald was an ardent Christian who attacked and killed pilgrims on their way to Hajj.

Sultan-Salahuddin-Ayubi persuades the King of Jerusalem to punish Ronald, but the King of Jerusalem does not. As a result, Raynald gains even greater strength and sends an army to attack the Muslim holy city of Mecca. Is. On the way, Salahuddin Ayyubi’s army defeated Raynald’s army. After the untimely death of the king of Jerusalem, Raynald continued to attack and kill Muslims. Saladin vows to kill Raynald with his own hands upon learning of the incident.

Battle of Hattin

Battle-of-Hattin
Battle of Hattin

Sultan Salahuddin Ayyubi had always aspired to conquer Baitul Muqaddas. When Nooruddin Jangi was killed, there was no such capable person present who could sit on the throne after him. So all the people consulted and put the entire Sultanate of Nooruddin Jangi in the hands of Salahuddin Ayyubi. And when Sultan Salahuddin Ayyubi was placed on the throne, he was only 21 years old.

Now Salahuddin Ayyubi got the opportunity to conquer Betul Muqaddas, which he was always looking for. Sultan Salahuddin Ayyubi had made the goal of his life to conquer Betul Muqaddas as soon as he sat on the throne of Egypt. When Salahuddin Ayyubi got rid of all the difficulties in Egypt and strengthened his sultanate very much in Egypt. So they decided to set out on the way to Betul Muqaddas and Salahuddin Ayyubi with his army set out towards Jerusalem to conquer Betul Muqaddas.

Salahuddin-din-Ayyubi marched towards Jerusalem with a large army. During this (Battle of Hattin) the battle of Hattin took place. The Crusaders were badly defeated in this battle, about 30,000 of their warriors were killed and thousands of soldiers were captured. During that battle, Sultan Salahuddin Ayyubi captured Raynald and killed him. After this battle, Sultan Salahuddin besieged Jerusalem and a week later Jerusalem was conquered. After a hundred years, the Muslims recaptured Jerusalem. Salahuddin was a courageous man. Who, during the Crusades, treated the Crusaders so well that Christians still respect them greatly.

History of Baitul Muqaddas

baitul Muqaddas - TS HISTORICAL

Masjid-e-Aqsa in Jerusalem, Palestine, which we know as Baitul Muqaddas, is the only place in the world where people of three religions claim their rights. That is, Masjid-e-Aqsa is such a place which has a lot of importance in Christianity too and Jews also give it a lot of importance and on the third-hand people who believe in Islam also give a lot of importance to Baitul Muqaddas and Betul Muqaddas to Islam.

Because Baitul Muqaddas is Qibla-e-Awal of Islam, that is, before Kaaba-e-Sharif, prayers were offered to face Qibla-e-Awal and this is the reason why Baitul Muqaddas has so much importance in Islam. It has been given that after Kaaba-e-Sharif in Islam, if a building is considered to be the biggest time, then it is Baitul Muqaddas. Due to the association of three religions with Baitul Muqaddas, there has always been a war between Muslims, Jews, and Christians to assert their right over Qibla-e-Awal.

Death of Sultan-Salahuddin-Ayyubi

Salahuddin Ayyubi Death
Tomb of Salahuddin Ayyubi

Sultan Salahuddin Ayyubi died on 4 March 1193 due to a high fever. Sultan-Salahuddin-Ayyubi donated all his property. In his lifetime, he fought more than a hundred wars and ruled for twenty years. His life was very simple; He never built a palace for himself. And he spent much of his life on the conquest of Jerusalem. He spent his whole life in a tent or on the battlefield with his soldiers. Sultan Salahuddin Ayyubi was buried in Damascus, Syria.

8 thoughts on “Salahuddin Ayyubi- History, Crusades & Facts”

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