Mansa Musa I of Mali | Mansa Musa History

Born C: 1280 Mali Empire

Died C: 1337 (age 56-57), unknown

Governance C: 1312-C1337 (C.25 Years)

Parents: Faga Laye

Children: Maghan.I, Maghisibling: Suleiman

Who is Mansa Musa: Mansa Musa was the richest man in the world. It was so rich that with its money many people like Mark Zuckerberg, Bill Gates, and Ambani could be bought from Aram. Mansa Musa was the ruler of the Mali Sultanate found in Africa, his real name was Musa which means king of kings. Mansa was his title, which was given to him after becoming the emperor, the biggest secret of his being so rich and powerful was salt and gold. On the other hand, in the Sultanate of Mali, hundreds of tons of gold used to be extracted every year. Due to which Mansa Musa was getting rich day by day.

Pilgrimage to Macca

Mansa Musa performed Hajj in 1326. Hajj pilgrimage of Mansa Musa became famous all over the world. Because so much gold was looted in this journey that due to the plundering of more gold there was a fall in the prices of gold due to more gold in the cities there. Wherever he used to go out, he used to loot gold in that area. Mansa Musa looted the most gold in Cairo, Egypt, it is considered to be the most expensive Hajj journey ever in history. It was made that people used to come from far and wide to see him, when the British came to know about Mansa Musa, they immediately started writing about him because there was nothing in Europe at that time, his sultanate in his era. Mansa Musa was considered to be the richest sultanate in the world, whenever he went out on a journey, he used to walk with many horses and camels behind him, on which there were gold diamonds and gems which he used to spend among the poor.

Songhai empire vs Mali empire

Mansa Musa, whose empire was one of the greatest in the world at that time, is said to have remarked that it would take a year to travel from one end of his territory to the other. Although this is most likely an exaggeration, it is known that one of his generals, Sagmandia (Sagaman-dir), expanded the empire by capturing the Songhai capital of Gao during his visit to Mecca. The Songhai Empire spanned hundreds of miles, thus conquering it meant gaining control of a vast territory. According to the 14th-century traveler Ibn Bah, the journey from the northern frontier of the Mali Empire to Niyani in the south took about four months.

songhai emprire vs mali empire

The emperor was so pleased with his new acquisition that he decided to postpone his return to Nianyi and instead traveled to Gao, where he would obtain the Songhai king’s personal surrender and kidnap the king’s two sons. Mansa Ms. now commissioned Isk al-Sil, a Granada poet and builder who had accompanied her from Mecca, to build mosques in both Gao and Timbuktu, a Songhai metropolis practically equal in importance to Gao. . Baked bricks were used for the construction of the Gao Mosque, which had never been used as a building material in West Africa before.

Timbuktu became a very important commercial city under Mansa Musa with caravan connections with all other important trading centers of Egypt and North Africa. Along with promoting trade and commerce, learning and the arts received royal sponsorship. Scholars primarily interested in history, Kurnic theology, and law planned to convert the Sankar Mosque in Timbuktu into a learning center and to establish the Sankar University. Mansa Musa died in 1332.


Mansa Musa’s superior administrative abilities can be seen in the organization and smooth administration of a purely African kingdom, the establishment of the University of Sankar, the expansion of trade in Timbuktu, Gao, Timbuktu and Niyani, as well as throughout the Mali and Songhai kingdoms, architectural Improvements were made. Moreover, the moral and religious beliefs that he instilled in his students persisted long after his death.

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