Babur |Biography, Battle of Panipat and Baburnama

Zehruddin Muhammad Babur

Full Name – Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur

Born – 14 February 1483, Uzbekistan

Babur Died – 26 December 1530, (age 47) Agra, Mughal Empire, India

Empire – Mughal Empire

Parents – Qutlugh Nigar Khanum, Umar Shaikh Mirza

Rule – Kabul (Kabuli), Samarkand (Samarkand), Ferghana (Farghana), Mughal Empire (Mughal Empire)

Cemetery – Babar Garden, Kabul, (Afghanistan)

Wife – Maham Begum

Babur Children – Humayun (Humayun), Kamran Mirza (Kamran Mirza)………

Who was Babar ? | Babur History

Babur: Babur was born on 14 February 1483 in Uzbekistan. Babur’s full name was Zahiruddin Mohammad Babar. The most important thing about him is that he was a descendant of Amir Timur and Genghis Khan. Zahiruddin Babur had inherited the bravery of Amir Timur and Genghis Khan. The Sultanate of Amir Timur was divided into pieces. One of those sultanates was in the area of ​​Uzbekistan. After that, this sultanate came under Babur’s part.

History of Babur |

When Babur sat on the throne of the Sultanate, he was only 13 years old, but then suddenly Babur’s uncle revolted against him, despite not wanting, Babur had to fight with his uncle and then the Sultanate walked with Babur’s hand. After that, he wandered in the jungles for many years,

Babur had spent his 30 years wandering in the forests, for him, many days were so difficult that Babar had to spend two times bread in the forests. There was no luck but Babur never gave up. When Babur realized that he would not be able to take back the Sultanate of his father, he intended to conquer Afghanistan instead of taking back his Sultanate. Conquered some areas and after conquering the areas left for India.

Battle of Panipat | First Battle of Panipat

babur entry in india
First Battle of Panipat

First Battle of Panipat – At the time when Babur had entered India to conquer India, Babur had an army of only 13 thousand. And his competition was with the Sardar of the Pathan Sultanate i.e. Ibrahim Lodhi. Ibrahim Lodi had about one lakh army, Ibrahim Lodi also felt that he could easily defeat Babur because Ibrahim Lodhi had one lakh soldiers, as well as thousands of elephants, were present in everything Ibrahim Babur had less in comparison to Lodi.

The soldiers were also less and less armed and there were no elephants. But even after that, Babur had full confidence that he would easily defeat Ibrahim Lodhi because Babur had such a weapon that no one had seen in India before today, nor in any war of India before today, such a weapon. Was used and that weapon was Babur’s dangerous cannons.

Then on April 21, 1526, the first battle of Panipat took place between Zahiruddin Babur and Ibrahim Lodi in the field of Panipat. In the battle of Panipat, when Ibrahim Lodi saw that my army was more powerful than Babur, he issued an order to attack his entire army together in the open field, but perhaps this was the biggest mistake of Ibrahim Lodi, Babur When I saw that the entire army of Ibrahim Lodhi was attacking openly,

Babar ordered all his artillerymen to fire guns. All the elephants of Ibrahim Lodhi went mad after hearing the dangerous sound of the cannons, all elephants of Ibrahim Lodhi started running backward and the running elephants went on crushing the thousands of Ibrahim Lodhi’s soldiers, due to which there was a stampede in the entire army of Lodhi.

Panipat First battle
Panipat First battle

When Babur saw such conditions of his enemy, he ordered his small army of 13 thousand to attack together. This attack of Babur was so fast that even after wanting Lodhi could not stop that attack and Ibrahim Lodhi was also killed in this battle. In this way, Babur had got his first fate in India and with the victory of this war, Babur laid the foundation of the Mughal Sultanate in India.

After defeating Lodhi, Zahiruddin Babar entered Delhi with Puri, at that time all the forts of Delhi were occupied by Lodhi’s family, but Babar got Ibrahim Lodi’s mother to vacate the fort with the condition that I am Lodhi. I will not say anything to any member of the family, nor will anyone be harmed or harmed.

Babar himself has also written in Babarnama that he used to give mother status to Lodi’s mother and used to call her mother only. But after a few years, Ibrahim Lodi’s mother crossed the limit to avenge the defeat of her son Ibrahim Lodi and even mixed poison in the food, but when Babur came to know about this, Babur imprisoned her. And after that it is said that after a few days, Ibrahim Lodi’s mother had died in the prison itself.

Battle of Khanwa

Battle of Khanwa
Battle of Khanwa

Khanwa War – The first trouble that Babur faced after sitting on the Delhi Sultanate was Rana Sanga, the king of Mewar because Rana Sanga was not ready to accept Babur’s sultanate. And you will be surprised to know that it was Rana Sanga who had called Babur to India. (Jade Amjad) i.e. Amir will go back like Timur only after conquering India and plundering it and when the Lodhi sultanate is plundered then all of us Rajputs together will establish a big sultanate but that he has even the slightest doubt about it. It was not that after defeating Ibrahim Lodi,

Babur would start a sultanate in India. Along with this, he had also promised that he would support Babur in the war against Ibrahim Lodi, but when Babur was fighting against Ibrahim Lodi in India, Rana Sanga was watching all this while sitting in his own area and Babar was not helping Babur because of this also Babar was angrier with Rana Sanga and after 1 year of becoming Sultan After this,

on 17 March 1527, the battle of Khanwa took place between Rana Sanga and Babur. And even in this war, Babur had defeated Rana Sanga’s army in a few moments with his tremendous intelligence and cannons. He started running but Babur did not pursue Rana Sanga. And the battle of (Battle of Khanwa) was won by Babur. It is said that Rana Sanga died exactly one year after he was defeated by Babur.

After this, the battle of Chanderi took place between Babur and Medni Rai on 29 March 1528 and Babur won in this too. And after this Babur fought his last war which took place on 6 May 1529 AD between Mughal (Babur) and Sultanate-e-Bangal (Battle of Ghagra) which was known as the Battle of Ghagra and this war In this also the Mughal emperor Zehruddin Muhammad Babur won.

Death of Babur

Death of Babur
Babur Death

Babur saved Humayun’s life by giving his life – A story about Babur’s death is also famous that Babur’s son i.e. Humayun, whom Babur used to love very much, once became very ill, Babar was very upset after seeing Humayun sick.

Used to stay Even after millions of efforts, Humayun did not regain consciousness. He was treated in every way. If you want to cure my son, then take my life in return) and one day Humayun came to his senses. But as soon as Humayun came to his senses, Babar fainted and since then Babur started to be ill and Babar died as soon as his beloved son Humayun was completely cured.

Tomb of Babur

Tomb of Babur

Talking about the tomb outside, because Babur had advised that after his death, he should be buried with his parents in his old homeland i.e. Kabul, so Babur was buried by his son Humayun in Babur Garden, Kabul, He was buried in (Afghanistan) itself, even today the tomb of Babur is present in the city of Kabul.



The Baburnama was written by Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire, in which Babur wrote about his entire life. Babur has also written about the political and economic situation of that period in Baburnama. Baburnama is written in the Chagatai language; Chagatai is the Turkish language.

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